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EIP-4844 Proto-Danksharding: The Future of Ethereum Blockchain Scalability?

In the active world of Ethereum, scalability is a key challenge. Ethereum dApps have struggled with high fees, and slow processing that results in limiting its potential and preventing mass adoption. However, high prices stem from intense demand for blockspace, making transactions difficult. Layer 2 blockchain solutions like Arbitrum, Optimism, and Base Chain are the mains for Ethereum’s scaling, but rollups still charge high fees. So, what is the solution to this scalability challenge?   In this blog, we will learn, what is EIP 4844, proto-dank sharding, and how it helps as a game changer to Ethereum’s scalability efforts; 

What is EIP-4844? 

EIP stands for “Ethereum Improvement Protocol”. EIP-4844 is a promising proposal that works as a solution to reduce gas fees and boost efficiency also known as “Proto-Danksharding”.  It was needed because Ethereum is looking to drastically lower fees and offer a more accessible platform for users and developers alike by checking how many transactions it can handle at once. EIP-4844 is a step towards a more efficient Ethereum ecosystem based on L2 rollups. proto-danksharding In other words, it’s a new type of transaction for Ethereum that allows storing temporary data chunks (“blobs”) on the network. These blobs are cheap to store compared to regular transactions. This approach works as a stepping stone for Ethereum to become more scalable in the future.

Terms That You Need to Understand Before EIP-4844

What is Sharding? 

Sharding is used for dividing a database or blockchain into smaller partitions (shards). This technique can improve scalability by allowing multiple nodes to process transactions simultaneously. proto-danksharding

What is Proto-Danksharding? 

An implementation technique or an innovative approach by EIP-4844 is called Proto-Danksharding is a process that creates blobs (data units attached to Ethereum’s existing blocks) to share data on the Ethereum blockchain. These blobs could provide a storage space for layer 2 rollups which is important to keep operational costs low. 

What is Ethereum? 

Ethereum is a decentralized platform that runs smart contracts (applications that function exactly as programmed without any possibility of downtime, censorship, fraud, or third-party interference).

Why Proto Danksharding is Important? 

Ethereum faces high transaction fees, affecting users and applications. EIP-4844 is a technical upgrade that could solve Ethereum scalability challenges. This technique aims to make Ethereum’s rollups cheaper and more attractive by introducing a method for efficiently storing temporary data. It is designed to reduce fees for users and help Ethereum stay competitive. 

Benefits of EIP-4844

EIP-4844 transactions use large blobs of data, reducing gas competition on Ethereum’s Layer 1. This separation improves pricing for rollups and transaction costs. Unlike EIP-1559, EIP-4844 Blob fees target 1MB block sizes, benefiting rollups, promoting competition, and lowering transaction costs. Here are some of the benefits listed; proto-danksharding

1. Less Gas Fee For Rollups

EIP-4844 allows rollups to utilize blob transactions to store transaction data, thereby significantly reducing users’ gas fees. As a result, Ethereum will have rollups with smoother pricing and cheaper transactions overall. It’s a win-win for scalability!

2. Making Ethereum L2 Attractive to All

EIP-4844 offers the potential to reduce transaction fees for rollups through blob transactions and a merged fee market, making Ethereum’s layer 2 solutions more affordable and attractive for all involved.

3. Going Global with Transactions

Ethereum is getting ready to handle a global transaction network like a champ. By getting smarter about data management and scalability, Ethereum is getting ready to handle way more transactions worldwide, serving a wider range of apps and users.

4. Keeping Data in Check

EIP-4844 isn’t just about scaling; it’s also about being smart with data. By pruning data efficiently, Ethereum can cut down on storage costs and be more eco-friendly in the long run. It’s all about sustainability!

5. Ready for Whatever’s Next

With its modular approach and dedicated data layer, Ethereum is gearing up for future upgrades. As a result, users will get smoother transitions and more room for innovation within the Ethereum community.

6. Better Experience, Better Ethereum

Lower fees and improved scalability mean a better experience for Ethereum users. Whether you’re into DeFi, NFTs, or anything else, Ethereum’s looking like a pretty sweet deal with these upgrades.

Who Can Benefit from EIP-4844 (Proto-Danksharding)?

  • Developers: Developers will be encouraged to create new Ethereum-based apps and services at reduced fees. They will be able to manage more complicated applications without being concerned about expensive transaction costs thanks to the increased scalability.
  • Enterprises: EIP-4844 will benefit enterprises wishing to expand on a safe and scalable blockchain infrastructure. Ethereum is going to be a more appealing option for enterprise adoption because of its lower fees and faster transaction processing.
  • Users: The goal of EIP-4844 is to drastically lower Ethereum transaction fees, particularly for roll-up transactions. As a result, using Ethereum for regular transactions and interacting with decentralized apps (dApps) will become more affordable.
  • Rollup Providers: Rollups particularly benefit from EIP-4844 since it offers a less expensive method of data storage. As a result, users who interact with rollups will pay less.

Tech Insights of Proto Danksharding

  • Introduces “blob transactions” technology for handling large, fixed-size data chunks.
  • Reduces transaction fees by separating data into a sidecar and routing it through a separate data layer.
  • Allows data pruning after a certain time.
  • Introduces a merged fee market inspired by Danksharding, simplifying network complexity.
  • Introduces Proposer/Builder Separation (PBS) for block builders to process the entire block.
  • Promotes separate fee markets for data and execution.
  • Implements proto-danksharding, a precursor to full Danksharding, for direct validation of full data availability.

EIP-4844 Timeline for Implementation

The Ethereum Dencun upgrade (EIP-4844) is set to launch on March 13th, aiming to reduce rollup costs by introducing blobs, thereby minimizing L2 gas costs. The Goerli test net will determine the final rollout date. EIP-4844’s potential to increase Ethereum’s adoption by making it more scalable and cost-efficient could attract more developers, users, and businesses to the Ethereum ecosystem. 

How Does EIP-4844 Help Blockchain and Smart Contract Development?

  • Aids blockchain and smart contract development services by reducing development costs by lowering transaction fees, increasing scalability by allowing applications to handle more transactions, and attracting more users and developers. 
  • This benefits both developers and businesses, as Ethereum’s affordability and scalability make it more attractive, leading to a larger market for blockchain development services.

BloxBytes Expertise in Ethereum Development

BloxBytes brings a wealth of expertise and services. They have a team of experienced Ethereum developers who specialize in providing smart contract development. They have experience with specific frameworks and tools for smart contracts. BloxBytes offers customized blockchain development services for startups and enterprises, providing comprehensive support throughout the development lifecycle. Whether you’re a startup looking to launch a new project or an enterprise seeking to optimize existing systems, they can likely provide comprehensive support throughout the development lifecycle.


In summary, EIP-4844, or Proto-Danksharding, is a solution to Ethereum’s scalability issues. Introducing blob transactions that separate data storage from core transactions, helps reduce gas fees. This technique results in creating a more affordable and accessible Ethereum ecosystem for developers, businesses, and users. So, EIP-4844 is a significant step forward for Ethereum’s scalability, with potential applications in DeFi, NFTs, and other blockchains. and an efficient blockchain platform. Thus, by introducing temporary storage spaces for large data chunks, EIP 4844 reduces the fee cost of DEX swaps, allowing faster and cheaper transactions. 

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Sara Khalid

Sara Khalid's talent shines through her storytelling skills. She plays her role as a decoder of complex technologies. She is...